This book deals with one of the main environmental challenges in Indonesia, namely the processing of solid waste. As a case, the study focuses on household waste management in the city of Semarang in Central Java. Semarang still uses the end of pipe system. Waste is brought to temporary disposal sites (TDSs) and from there to a final disposal site (FDS). The poor urban waste management evidently does not only result in a negative impact on human life and the environment but also constitutes a geographical problem. This is because the negative impact of disposal sites will affect those living in the immediate vicinity. The extent of the burden or benefit, of the sites, will vary according to the site location. Further to this, within a specific population group, households will be unequally exposed to some burdens depending on their proximity to the disposal site, gender (women will usually suffer more), age and social group. Frequently poor people are the most vulnerable party who will receive the burden of the disposal site rather than its benefit.